The FED was the first Leica II(D) copy made in the Soviet Union. Its production started in 1934 and lasted till 1955 with an interruption in 1941-1946 during WWII. At least seven different variations of the FED are known.

This FED is a type 1c by Princelle or type 3 by McKeown (5 digit serial number). It is also known as FED-NKVD (YCCP). Production years 1937-1939.

FED-NKVD is the most historically significant camera made in the USSR. A large and painful piece of history is engraved on its top plate.

FED, for Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, one of the Lenin's henchmen's, founder of the OGPU-NKVD-KGB. Died in 1926 at age 49.

NKVD, for Narodny Komissariat Vnutrennih Del (Interior Ministry) - the organization responsible for millions of innocent lives. In the years of Stalin's Great Terror (mid to late 30's), millions were arrested, tortured, executed or sent to remote labor camps with very little chance of survival. Women, children, old and young - made no difference to the NKVD officers. The fear in the society was so great that arrest often brought a relief. Later became known as MGB and KGB, current nam e - FSB (Russia).

YCCP (Cyrillic for UkSSR, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, where the FED factory is actually located) was a part of the Soviet Empire, but yet for some unknown reasons looked like a separate entry on this FED engraving. This "inconsistency" was fixed in 1939 when the engraving changed to NKVD-CCCP (type 1d).

Two things survived - the FED factory in Kharkov (now spelled Kharkiv, Ukraine) and the Soviet Leica copies it made - the FED cameras.

Some technical specs of the camera:

  • Shutter speeds - Z, 1/20, 1/30, 1/40, 1/60, 1/100, 1/200, 1/500.
  • The lens is a collapsible FED, F=5 cm, 1:3.5, 39 mm LTM, coated. This lens is a copy of Leitz 50/3.5 Elmar. All prewar lenses were uncoated and had the old aperture numbers - 3.5, 4.5, 6.3, 9, 12.5, 18.
  • As a true Leica copy, it accepts the Leica threadmount lenses. The Soviet standards were somewhat different from the German's, so some Leitz lenses may not RF couple with the FED. They will all fit, though.

Please feel free to ask questions.

This FED comes complete with a take-up spool and a lenscap.

Reviews (1)

Quick Find
Use keywords to find the product you are looking for.
Advanced Search
Manufacturer Info
Other products
Share Product
Share via E-Mail
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter